Since the reform and opening up, the construction industry has been developing rapidly.
This year marks the 25th anniversary of the promotion of Lubuge's engineering management experience and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the Engineering Project Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association. In the 1980s, the construction industry, as a breakthrough point of the urban economic system reform, took the lead in the market, and the construction industry entered a flourishing period.
In April 1980, Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out that the construction industry is an important industrial sector which can increase the income and accumulate for the country. Comrade Xiaoping's talk established the status of the construction industry as a pillar industry of the national economy, and pointed out the direction for the reform and development of the construction industry. In September 1984, the State Council promulgated the Provisional Provisions on Several Questions Concerning the Reform of the Construction Industry and the Management System of Capital Construction, and decided to carry out a series of reforms in the construction industry, such as tendering and bidding, employment system, wage system and project quality supervision measures. It is in this context that the international tender for the diversion project of Lubuge Hydropower Station has been conducted, and a series of project management systems and methods prevailing in the modern construction industry have been introduced, resulting in remarkable results of low investment, short construction period and good quality. The practice of Lubuge has attacked the old ideas, broken through the construction management mode under the planned economy system, and initiated the reform of the construction project management system in China. In 1987, the relevant departments of the State Council decided to carry out the pilot work of popularizing the management experience of the Lubuge project, which further promoted the reform and development of China's construction industry. The Lu Bu Ge hydropower station has become the landmark project of China's construction industry reform.
In the past 25 years, the management mode and experience created by Lubuge Project have been widely popularized and applied in China. In the process of deepening reform and opening up, the construction workers have enriched and developed the theory of project management, and have achieved fruitful results in practice. In 2011, the total output value of the construction industry reached 11.7 trillion yuan, the labor productivity was 229,000 yuan, and the number of employees was more than 44 million, 49 times, 18 times and 2.5 times respectively, compared with 1986. The added value of the construction industry accounted for 6.8% of GDP. It can be said that since the reform and opening up, China's construction industry has made all the achievements and brilliance, the promotion of Lubuge project management experience is indispensable.
Excavating the spiritual connotation of "Lu Bu GE's experience" to provide impetus for the reform and development of the construction industry
Mao Rubai, director of the Environmental Resources Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress and honorary chairman of the Engineering Project Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association, said that commemorating the 25th anniversary of the promotion of Lubuge's engineering management experience is to explore scientific policies to promote the transformation of the development mode of the construction industry from Lubuge's experience and to find the driving force for reform and innovation. Spring. The most striking feature of these 25 years is the unremitting liberation and development of the productive forces of the construction industry, and the spirit of reform and innovation has been carried out in all aspects of the construction industry.
Zheng Yijun, former Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Construction and President of China Construction Association, pointed out that commemorating the 25th anniversary of the promotion of Lubuge project management experience is to dig out its spiritual connotation and provide inexhaustible impetus for the reform and development of the construction industry. He concluded that the experience of Lubuge embodies the pioneering spirit of the builders, the pioneering spirit of exploration, the scientific spirit of seeking truth and pragmatism, the spirit of tolerance and the spirit of keeping pace with the times. He also pointed out that China has entered a new stage of deepening reform and opening up and building a well-off society in an all-round way. The opportunities and challenges of the construction industry coexist. The 12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development sets a new development goal for the construction industry. The demand for construction level and service quality from all walks of life is constantly improving, external constraints on energy conservation and emission reduction are increasing, and the competition in the construction market at home and abroad is becoming more intense. The task of changing the development mode of construction industry is very arduous. During the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period, we should strive to make breakthroughs in the following aspects: first, to promote the transformation of production mode in the construction industry and the implementation of general contracting; second, to promote vocational skills training and improve the quality of production front-line workers; third, to promote energy conservation and emission reduction, the development of green buildings; fourth, to promote information construction and deepen trust The five is to comprehensively improve the overall quality and working ability of the association and enhance the ability to perform duties.
In addition, Sun Yongfu, former Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Railways and the Standing Committee of the 11th CPPCC National Committee, Zhang Jiyao, former director of the Office of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project Construction Committee of the State Council, deputy director of the Population Resources and Environment Committee of the 11th CPPCC National Committee, Xiong Jianping, vice mayor of Tianjin, and Wang Tiehong, director of the General Office of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural And delivered an important speech.
Summing up and upgrading the experience of "Lu Bu Ge" and speeding up the process of building industrialization
At the 11th China International Project Management Summit Forum held on the same day, Wu Tao, vice president and secretary-general of China Construction Association, pointed out that the core of "Lubuge Impact" is to deepen the reform of construction management system and realize the fundamental transformation of construction production mode. To sum up the experience of sublimation of "Lubuge" and to reform the mode of production in the construction industry, another profound connotation is to speed up the process of construction industrialization.
He pointed out that we should combine with the actual situation of the industry, closely focus on the theme of scientific development, grasp the main line of changing the mode of development, strive to upgrade and innovate the "project productivity theory", clearly change the "two competitions", always adhere to the "three upgrades", accurately grasp the "four directions" and promote the realization of the "five turns". Type.
It is necessary to shift from the long-term market competition in which the bidding price is lowered and the cost is reduced to the competition of the brand enterprises with the quality winning and honest management, and from the competition of the enterprise's qualifications in the market access to the competition of the professional level of project management personnel and project managers.
Always adhere to the project manager responsibility system as the core, strengthen the construction of project team, improve the level of project management innovation. Always adhere to building energy conservation and green construction as the content, strengthen the construction process management, improve the comprehensive benefits of the project. Always adhere to the first-line operator training as the focus, strengthen the management of the labor force, enhance the intellectual structure of the whole staff and the overall quality of the industry.
Accurately grasp the project management from the traditional management mode to the use of information technology to promote enterprise transformation and upgrading of the new trend. The project management has changed from the management based on the construction stage to the management based on the whole life cycle (process) of the project.